Broad Leaf / Brazilian Pepper Tree

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Schinus terebinthifolius


Broad leaved pepper trees can grow into a large spreading tree, up to 10 metres high and broad. Leaves are compound and consist of 5 to 9 dark green leaflets.

Flowers are small and whitish, located at the ends of the branches.

Fruit is in bunches that are glossy, red and rounded 6 millimetres across. There are male and female trees, so not all bear fruit. Fruit are toxic to humans if eaten raw.

Habitat it is found in coastal dune lands, wetlands and stream banks.

Weed characteristics escapes from the garden to choke out native plants. It harbours a disease which can kill mangroves. This tree can affect human and animal health as it contains toxic resins.

Dispersal occurs mainly through birds eating and depositing berries.

Declaration Details

This species is a Class 3 declared plant under Queensland legislation.

How to act

Cut stumping and basal barking are effective treatments for large trees. Wear a mask, gloves and protective clothing when cut stumping or moving cut branches as the sap of this plant is poisonous. Any regrowth can be treated using a follow up foliar spray or hand pulling seedlings, taking care not to damage any native vegetation.

Refer to Weed Control Methods.


Related information

Broad Leaf / Brazilian Pepper Tree © NQ Dry Tropics 2011
Broad Leaf / Brazilian Pepper Tree © NQ Dry Tropics 2011

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