Gouldian Finch, Erythrura gouldiae, is a small bird at 14cm. It is a small but striking and colourful finch that has a black or crimson face, green upper body and wings with a blue rump and black tail. The chest is lilac and the abdomen is yellow. The juveniles are dull greybrown with pink legs.
Current Status and Threats
Once believed to be one of the most common finches in the Burdekin Dry Tropics region, the Gouldian Finch has undergone a significant population decline and contraction of their known range. They are now only recorded in the Northern Territory and Western Australia. Changes in native vegetation through inappropriate fire regimes and the grazing impact of stock are the most likely factors contributing to their ongoing decline. Last record in Queensland was in 2004 on the Einasleigh Uplands and before that in Mareeba. In 2002, the Gouldian Finch Reintroduction Programme, at the Mareeba Tropical Savanna and Wetlands Reserve began releasing birds raised in a captive breeding programme into the wild, seeking to re-establish a local population.
- EPBC Listing
- O’Malley, C. (2006). National Recovery Plan for the Gouldian Finch (Erythrura gouldiae). WWF-Australia, Sydney and Parks and Wildlife NT, Department of Natural Resources, Environment and the Arts, NT Government, Palmerston.
- Woodland Birds of the Burdekin Dry Tropics
- Birdlife Townsville (formerly the Townsville Region Bird Observers Club)
NQ Dry Tropics gratefully acknowledges the contribution of Birdlife Townsville (formerly the Townsville Region Bird Observers Club) to the information on this page.
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Updated NRM information is now held in the NQ Dry Tropics NRM Information Portal at http://nrm.nqdrytropics.com.au/.
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