The overall fur colour of the Proserpine Rock-wallaby is light brown (grey in freshly moulted individuals) turning to yellow-brown on the outer limbs. Sparse white hairs often give it a grey-mauve tinge. It has a pale grey band from the corner of the mouth to the ears. The paws and feet are black, and the backs of the ears are blackish brown. It grows to 64 cm long and 60 cm tall. The last third of the very long, bushy tail is black, but the tail usually ends in a white or cream tip. The tail has a reddish base. Males can weigh up to 8.8 kg, and females up to 6.4 kg (Queensland EPA 2006a; Sharman et al. 1995).
The Proserpine Rock-wallaby is the only species of Rock-wallaby to live exclusively in rainforest (Winkel 1997a). It lives in sites with large boulder piles and perched boulders creating crevices, tunnels and overhangs (Winkel 1997b). On the mainland, it inhabits boulder outcrops in pockets of semi-deciduous, semi-evergreen or complex microphyll or notophyll vine forest (dry rainforest containing two canopy layers of trees with leaves 2.5 to 12.5 cm long, some deciduous canopy and emergent trees, large woody vines, and often with thorny or spiny shrubs in the understorey) (Harden et al. 2006; McDonald 1995; Nolan 1997). This habitat generally occurs on foothills near open woodland (Delaney 1993).
In Gloucester Island National Park, the Proserpine Rock-wallaby prefers littoral (beachside) habitat. It uses rocky outcrops and rock piles covered with dry vine scrub, usually associated with beach scrub. At higher elevations, its habitat is rocky outcrops, rock piles and rocky creeks within an Acacia open forest (Nolan 1997; Nolan & Johnson 2000). On Hayman Island, where the wallaby has been translocated, it occurs in association with boulder piles covered with vine thicket (low dry rainforest with one canopy layer and many vines and thorny shrubs, Harden et al. 2006) or vine forest (Schaper & Nolan 2000).
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